European Spallation Source (ESS)

The European Spallation Source (ESS) will be a multi-disciplinary research centre based on the world's most powerful neutron source. Researchers will be able to study a variety of materials, including plastic, proteins, motors and molecules, fossils and fuel cells, and thereby understand how they are structured and work.

ESS will provide leading international researchers with new research opportunities in many areas including new materials, biotechnology, medicine, engineering, physics, energy and environmental technology. The ESS project currently has 16 partner countries (February 2011); together they will build, own and operate this world-leading research facility. The project is managed by the company ESS AB, owned jointly by the Swedish and Danish governments. Planning, pre-construction and technical design have been under way since the decision to build the facility in Lund was taken in May 2009. Other work includes obtaining the necessary permits, recruiting key staff, and establishing the international ESS organization. The work is undertaken in collaboration with a large number of Swedish and foreign universities and laboratories. Construction is expected to begin in 2013 and the first neutrons are expected to be produced in 2019.

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